While searching the Net for articles on race and genetics, I came across a link to a cartoon feature that introduces us to ancestry testing using DNA. It includes an introduction and information on maternal and paternal inheritance. Unfortunately, the link to how DNA is mapped no longer exists.
Here's the address: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21443872/
Marie Godfrey, PhD
I'm so often negative about genetic testing--especially the kind available over the Internet--that I have wanted to give you readers a more positive outlook. So, here's a piece from the Daily Advertiser of Lafayette, Louisiana. I've included almost all of the article here--without permission--because I so appreciate Jan Risher's style. Her atricle is titled, Long Story Short: DNA gives grandmother's tales a little more weight. Here's the story:
. . . Lydia Myrene Henderson Risher Turman was a seamstress extraordinaire. She was also my grandmother. These days, she would be lauded as a shabby chic innovator, but when I was a kid, it was more like an old lady with grand ideas going through junk. But, she couldn't help it. She simply loved transforming cast-off items into something she considered beautiful.
Eighteen years ago, when our scientists pioneered preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), it was widely understood how it could help very desperate couples build their healthy families. Today, we are able to test for essentially any identified genetic mutation. There are a number of genetic mutations specific to various types of cancer. By using PGD, we can dramatically decrease the risk of a couple passing on the defective genes specific to the cancer.
Families who know they are at heightened risk of passing along genetic diseases to their offspring weigh their reproductive choices carefully. PGD is one of several options and allows us to test for hundreds of mutations. With respect to defective cancer genes, we currently test for:
This morning I viewed yet another advertisement for a "new" genetic testing company. I wondered once again, "who benefits from this free advertising?'
The national morning news program touted this as an example of the way to investigate your genetic future. By simply spitting into a plastic cup and sending the sample to Company A, you can learn who and what you are now and what you will be in the future.
For once, the presentation was more factual than hype. Many statements were qualified by providing some idea of their limitations. For example, when asked how accurate these tests were, the company representatives stated the tests were very, very accurate. This is true. As DNA chips for analysis become more refined, false negatives and positives for specific SNPs (the very small portion of DNA being tested in a single "spot" of the test) are more closely known--but did the company representative give a number for accuracy? No; nor was any definition of accuracy given. Nor was there any discussion of whether SNP #18754638836 accurately predicts condition XORIRUEJGKLERUI.
We've all seen stories of people who traveled to a country other then the US to get medical care. We most often read about those who go for major surgery. Have you or anyone you know ever done this? Some readers are interested in hearing details. You can register on this site and give a name you make up. Your e-mail address--needed for registration--will be used only for confirming the message is not spam.
Let's hear from you.
Marie Godfrey, PhD
Are you considering using your rebate from the US government to buy a genetic test? Even if you get only $300, you could purchase a gender test to determine whether that new baby will be a boy or girl.
Or can you?
Karen Kaplan, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer, reported February 24, 2008 on the results found by one family when they had a gender test conducted.
The opera was great last night, Handel's Rodelinda. I continue to thank a friend in Italy for introducing me to the wonders of opera; I always thought it was just fancy singing.
Anyway, back to words. Yesterday, I started with a quote from Elisa Doolittle in My Fair Lady because I had been searching for information on the company offering free genetic testing and got lost in words. The three words I focused on were geneVIEW, wellness360, and flexSCAN. As far as I can tell--I'm waiting for more answers from the company itself--geneVIEW is the program for genetic testing offered by the company flexSCAN as part of its wellness360 program.
"Words, words, words . . . I'm so sick of words . . . is that all you blickers can do?" says the learning lady in My Fair Lady. Biologists, specifically geneticists, are often accused of using too many words to explain things. Much of science appears to be jargon--language specific to a science and understood by those "in the know" and oft-quoted without understanding by those "outside".
So, what does the word free mean to you? Without cost, having no monetary requirement, a gimmick, a come-on, what's the catch?
If you're a word nut, you may have noticed that the title for this entry has unreliable in single quotes, not double--this means the title is in UK English, not American English. So, there's no clampdown in the US, but one may occur in the UK, according to an article today in the Times online.
This is an interesting development to me because of my entries lately on paternity testing and because the company under British fire bills itself as "is the world's largest and most experienced private DNA testing laboratory. . . [performing] . . . 3 out of 4 private DNA paternity tests in the United States and . . . the DNA testing provider for over 900 affiliated partners in 168 countries."
A close friend of mine asked me some time ago what company she should order a confidential paternity test from. I told her I wouldn't dig deep into individual companies until she was able to tell me she knew what she would do with the results. I haven't heard from her lately on this subject, so she either went ahead and did something on her own or gave up the idea for now.
In the past week or two, a couple of people submitting comments to geneforum have asked for the name of a paternity testing company.